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Road deliveries to Victorian ports exceeded rail this year with one company seeing a road transport increase of around 20 per cent during the past harvest.
Industry leaders say the shift is costing the industry, with increased transport costs and grain sold out of other states.
Grain marketing and supply chain company Emerald Grain is one company that saw a large shift from rail to road over the last harvest.
Regional manager Brad Cullen said they used 60 per cent road transport, where they would normally have used 60 per cent rail.
"It's certainly more road than we would like," he said.
"But due to rail issues we've had to push it that way to get the grain in."
Heat restrictions and a week-long strike at rail company Pacific National were part of the reason more grain was transported by road.
Mr Cullen said they had to maintain their rail contracts while also paying for extra road access.
"We have actually relaxed our sales program given the fact we've had issues getting grain to port," he said.
The managing director of Wakefield Transport, Ken Wakefield, said a lack of investment in rail infrastructure affected every grain grower.
"It's about every single grain grower out there that relies on the rail to send their grain to market," he said.
Mr Wakefield said a lack of infrastructure spending was behind the shift.
"Because successive previous governments haven't done this and what happens is you have a freight deficit."
Victorian Farmers Federation grains group president Ross Johns has been campaigning for more spending on rail since he took over the role earlier this year.
"It's a significant issue for the industry if the buyers of the grain can't actually deliver it to the market place — that impacts on the entire industry and the growers directly," he said.
"There was some other business that was shifted from Victoria to other states, being South Australia and Western Australia."
Mr Johns said one possible solution was for transport companies to invest in trucks with larger capacities.
"It's going to be essential for the industry to look towards A-double and B-triple truck movements," he said.
"We should have them in Victoria to move grain to port in a more efficient fashion."
This article first appeared on www.abc.net.au