While the first objection to the transaction is that it will leave some Vermont shippers with access to only one railroad, it makes little sense to conceptualize a railroad as a product distinct from other modes of shipping goods: The vast majority of goods transported across North America currently travel by truck.
Rail constitutes just over 1/4 of all goods transported.
The government effectively subsidizes the trucking industry; the gasoline tax does not come close to paying for our nation's roads, and the disproportionate damage that semi-trailer trucks and other heavy transport vehicles do to roads are in no way accounted for in those taxes.
The increased traffic abetted by these implicit subsidies serve to increase congestion and make roads less safe. Transporting goods by truck rather than rail also contributes to global warming.
The U.S. Department of Transportation estimates that goods traveling in trucks generate nearly three times as much carbon dioxide as goods that go by rail.
Rail Consolidation Is A False Bogeyman