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1. DETAIL VIEW OF SHIPYARD - General Dynamics Corporation Shipyard, 97 East Howard Street, Quincy, Norfolk County, MA
Throughout its more than eighty year history, the General Dynamics Corporation/Quincy-Fore River Shipyard was one of the leading private shipyards in the United States. Producing both military and merchant vessels, it built more ships than any other U.S. yard in World War I; was among the five largest producers in World War II; and produced some of the largest and most innovative ships launched in the U.S. for the merchant marine in the difficulty post-war period. It set records for production speed in both wars, and built the first true aircraft carrier, the first nuclear powered surface ship, and some of the largest commercial vessels ever built. The shipyard pioneered the technique of pre-outfilting or modular construction of ships. From the original construction in 1901-1902 of the largest forge in the U.S. to the installation in 1974 of the giant 1200 ton Goliath gantry crane, still the largest crane in the western hemisphere, the shipyard's facilities were at or near the state of the art in ship building in the U.S. [HAER-data]"Under Navy contracts in 1943, the yard reached its peak employment with 32,000 men employed." [HAER-data]
James Torgeson posted two images with the comment:Here's a brochure from an open house held at Bethlehem Steel's Quincy Yard, circa 1961. Opened up, it's 11"x17". Bethlehem bought the yard in 1913 and sold it to General Dynamics (GD) in 1963. It was closed by GD in 1986. World War Two was the yard's heyday, when it built five fleet carriers and the battleship USS Massachusetts, in addition to scores of cruisers, destroyers, destroyer escorts and LSTs. It was served by the Fore River Railroad, which was the smallest of the Bethlehem Steel Subsidiary Railroads.Dennis DeBruler: "At the time of World War I, Bethlehem Steel owned seven shipyards in the United States. These were located at Sparrow's Point and Baltimore, Maryland; Wilmington, Delaware; Elizabeth, New Jersey; Boston and Quincy, Massachusetts; and two West Coast yards at Los Angeles and San Francisco. The only plants comparable to Quincy in scale and capability were Sparrow's Point and the Union Yard in San Francisco (The Properties of Bethlehem Steel Corporation, pp. 67-71).""Under Navy contracts in 1943, the yard reached its peak employment with 32,000 men employed."https://tile.loc.gov/.../ma1100/ma1198/data/ma1198data.pdfJames Torgeson: Dennis DeBruler Peak employment at Bethlehem Fairfield alone was 45,000!
["Present" is 1975. This reference include photos of some of the ships that were built here.]
This yard launched the first true aircraft carrier, the USS Lexington, in 1925. "She was the largest warship Quincy had built to date, with a length of 888 feet, and a beam of 105 feet." This yard also built nuclear-powered surface ships. [HAER-data]
"During the Roaring ‘20’s and then the Depression years, the Quincy yard produced a whole series of naval ships: submarines, destroyers, cruisers and aircraft carriers, as well as merchant ships. Among them, the 'Queen of Flattops,' the USS Lexington (CV-2) in 1927.
'Lady Lex' started out as a battlecruiser, but the Washington Naval treaty of 1922 ended the construction of all new battleships and battlecruisers. So the Navy converted the ship into one of the first aircraft carriers. When a drought in late 1929 caused hydroelectricity shortages in Tacoma, Wash., Lady Lex’s turbo-electric propulsion system supplemented the city’s electricity."
Gemeral Dynamics bought this yard in 1964 to supplement its Electric Boat Yard. GD installed Goliath. In addition to military and merchant ships, in the 70s to 80s it built 10 liquefied natural gas tankers. "By the 1980s, the U.S. simply had too many shipyards, and Quincy failed to win any contracts. That led to the closure of the Fore River Shipyard that year." [Given that it was the 1980s, did the U.S. have too many because ships started being built in Asia?]
Fore River Shipyard/Bethlehem Steel- Quincy, Massachusetts posted
The giant 888-foot long, quadruple screw aircraft carrier U.S.S. Philippine Sea launching on September 5, 1945. This was launched just two days after the Japanese and Americans signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender to end the Second World War on the deck of the battleship U.S.S. Missouri. The Philippine Sea had begun construction on August 19, 1944 under the name 'Wright' but following the U.S. Naval success against the Japanese in the Philippine Sea the ship's name was changed. Philippine Sea was completed and delivered the U.S. Navy in May 1946. The ship served during the Korean War in the early 1950s but by the end of that decade the need for the ship was superfluous. Decommissioned and laid up at the Naval Reserve Fleet anchorage in Long Beach, California the aircraft carrier sat for more than a decade before it was stricken from the navy list and offered for sale as scrap. Towed to an Oregon dock the ship was demolished in 1971-72.
hazegrayThe yard's signature "Goliath" crane"From humble beginnings in 1884, this yard grew to become the second-largest in the country"[This site has a lot of photos that can be clicked to enlarge.]
This plant built 35 destroyers during WWI.
The U.S. Maritime Administration (MARD) loaned $55m to a company that soon went bankrupt. [longleaflumber] It is now a used car lot.
This article first appeared on towns-and-nature.blogspot.com
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